As CBN unveils sharia banking model




Godwin Emefiele assumed office   six years ago as the 10th indigenous Governor of the Central Bank of Nigeria (CBN) and while building on his predecessors’ achievements, he has by no comparison, brought novelties in Nigeria’s central banking operations to the admiration of even his acerbic critics. He came into office when Nigeria’s economic mainstay, crude oil price, had declined by about 60 per cent and then erroneously blamed for the subsequent woes from a severely impacted economy. And for the first time in 25 years, a recession in 2015 coupled with the ensuing   media feast about the depreciation of the naira, and alleged criminal depletion of the country’s foreign reserves, the loaded Emefiele, a development banker with pedigree unknown to these critics, was prepared. The unfazed Emefiele  led-CBN management was of the   belief that the bank should act as financial catalyst, targeting predetermined sectors that could create jobs on a mass scale and reduce the country’s import bills and dependence on oil. He brought on board novelties similar to the 2006 Nobel Prize winner in social   business/social entrepreneurship   model, Professor Mohammed Yunus, former helmsman at Grameen Bank of Bangladesh. Grameen Bank is a microfinance   organisation and community development bank founded in Bangladesh. It is also called the ‘bank for the poor’. The model was inspired during Bangladesh’s severe famine of 1974, when Yunus decided to make a loan of US$24bn to about nine million borrowers   as  a start-up money to enable them   produce items for sale without the  burden of high interest rate under   predatory lending. He believed   that making such loans available to a   larger population could stimulate businesses and reduce widespread poverty in Bangladesh.

This model underscores Emefiele’s monetary   policy initiatives which critics   have tagged ‘unorthodox or toothpick’   monetary policy in which he embarked on a series of developmental initiatives to create an enabling environment with appropriate incentives to empower entrepreneurs, particularly the   youths, aimed at driving growth   and sustainable development.
It was thus a dream come true on July 21, 2020, when CBN gave vent to a policy mooted in 2018 to operate non-interest loan windows in the country. Eleven non-interest   Financial Institutions (NIFI) intervention schemes were born to increase access to finance, promote financial inclusion, create jobs and boost economic activities. 
This novel policy under the purview of the CBN seeks to increase access to finance by banks or   other financial institutions that   conduct banking, engage in trading, investment and commercial activities as well as providing financial products and services in accordance with Sharia principles and rule of Islamic commercial jurisprudence.Emefiele had said the interest free loan will assimilate a large section of the population excluded due to aversion for interest an interest-based   products into the financial system. 


Commendably, the policy targets 370,000 productive and energetic youth within the age bracket of 18-35 in agriculture development scheme (AADS) which tops the intervention window to reduce unemployment. The Agri-business,   Small and Medium Enterprise   Investment Scheme (AGSMEIS), an initiative of the Bankers’ Committee, also made the list and support to government’s initiative on agriculture, micro, small and medium enterprises as vehicle for  sustainable economic   development and employment generation. The textile sector also got a slot, knowing that in the glorious economic era of Nigeria, the textile and garment industry was the largest employer of labour. Other schemes that made the   CBN intervention list include N50bn Targeted Credit Facility (TCF), N100bn Health Sector Research Grant, Real Sector Support Facility (RSSF), Creative Industry Financing Initiative(CIFI), and Non-oil Export Stimulation Facility (ESF). These initiatives have been commended especially by the President-General of Nigeria Supreme Council for Islamic Affairs (NSCIA), Sultan of Sokoto, Alhaji Muhammad Sa’ad Abubakar, who has given the CBN a pat on the back and urged the  Muslim community to apply and   take advantage of the non-interest versions of the CBN intervention funds. 


He noted that Muslims  constitute over half of the   country’s population, stating that   the question of avoiding interest is non-negotiable as the majority of Muslims would opt to live in poverty rather than devour interests and face the wrath of their Creator. He  lamented that for decades,  Nigerian Muslims have been   grossly marginalized in the growth triggering financial interventions of the CBN and the country’s financial sector largely due to the interest   element that is usually involved in the schemes.


 He also opined that  without non-interest alternatives, the CBN can hardly attain its goal of 80% financial inclusion earlier targeted for 2020, nor can any meaningful poverty alleviation and economic empowerment programme be actualized in the   foreseeable future. He therefore encouraged Muslims to optimally utilize the non-interestloan for the actualisation of productive purposes, by keeping in mind that this is not free money. For a Muslim, debt is an Amanah. He also stated that the non-interest loan policy is a step further in the CBN’s quest to create 5 million jobs   within the next five years, and requires everyone’s support. Importantly, it should not be seen as a national cake for anyone to take his share, devour, and run away. 
Six years on the saddle, Emefiele has  proven astute in turning Nigeria’s  central bank   into a model for development in order   for other central bankers to emulate. His landmark strides at the bank do not come as a surprise because he foretold his mission by pledging to operate a central bank that would spend its energy on building a resilient financial system that will serve the growth and development needs of Nigerians and Nigeria. No wonder, the Nigeria Senate without opposition gave their nod when the President Buhari sought their approval for his nomination for a fresh five-year term.
Joy Nguri, writes from Numan, Adamawa State.

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