Characteristics and features of Ramadan (II)

It is the month of Th ikr (remembrance of Allah) and supplication. Allah Th e Almighty Says (what means): • {and remember Allah often that you may succeed.} [Quran 62:10] • {and the men who remember Allah often and the women who do so – for them Allah has prepared forgiveness and a great reward.} [Quran 33:35] • {And invoke Him in fear and aspiration. Indeed, the mercy of Allah is near to the doers of good.} [Quran 7:56] • {And when My servants ask you, [O Muhammad], concerning Me – indeed I am near. I respond to the invocation of the supplicant when he calls upon Me. So let them respond to Me [by obedience] and believe in Me that they may be [rightly] guided.} [Quran 2:186] Th is last noble verse in particular highlights the intimate relation between fasting and supplication. In Ramadan, there is Laylatu Al-Qadr (the Night of Decree), in connection with which Allah Th e Almighty Says (what means): {Th e Night of Qadr (Decree) is better than a thousand months.} [Quran 97:3] According to the scholars, any righteous deed performed therein is better than the actions of one thousand months, i.e. almost 83 years.

Th is is suffi cient commendation of its superiority and honor, and the magnifi cence of the deed done on it for the one whom Allah guides to stay up in worship on that night– we ask Allah Th e Almighty to guide us to that always, by His bounty and generosity. It is narrated in an authentic Hadeeth that the Messenger of Allah said: “He who stands (in prayer) on the Night of Al-Qadr, out of sincere faith, and expecting the reward with Allah, his previous sins would be forgiven for him.” Th at is among the merits of standing (in prayer) on it; and suffi cient it is for a prize and profi t. Among the characteristics of Ramadan is the superiority of charity in it, compared to any other time.

It is narrated that the Messenger of Allah was asked, “Which object of charity is the best?” He said: “An object of charity to be given in Ramadan.” [At-Tirmithi] It is narrated on the authority of Ibn ‘Abbaas, may Allah be pleased with them, that he said, “Th e Messenger of Allah was the most generous of all the people, and he used to reach the peak in generosity in the month of Ramadan when Jibreel (Gabriel, may Allah exalt his mention) met him. Jibreel used to meet him every night of Ramadan to teach him the Quran. Th e Messenger of Allah was the most generous person, even more generous and faster in spending charity than the blowing wind.” [AlBukhari and Muslim] According to the narration of Ahmad, “He was never asked [for] anything but he gave it.” Generosity is to give liberally and openhandedly in charity or anything else. His increased munifi cence in Ramadan was a means to avail himself of this blessed time and of the multiplication of deeds and their rewards in it. It is narrated on the authority of Salmaan, may Allah be pleased with him, in a Marfoo’ Hadeeth, that he said: “Whoever draws near to Allah in it (Ramadan) with a good act, it is (multiplied as much) as if he has performed an obligatory duty at any other time; and whoever draws near to Allah with an obligatory duty in it, it is (multiplied as much) as if he has performed seventy obligatory duties at any other time.” Th e combination of fasting and charity has a greater eff ect in removing sins and prevention from Hellfi re. According to an authentic Hadeeth: “Fasting acts as a protective shield” i.e., to save one from Hellfi re. According to another authentic Hadeeth, he said: “Safeguard yourselves from Hellfi re even with half a date (to be given in charity).” A further characteristic of Ramadan is that the ‘Umrah (minor pilgrimage) performed in it is equal to Hajj (major pilgrimage) in reward. It is proven in the books of Al-Bukhari and Muslim that the Messenger of Allah said: “‘Umrah performed in Ramadan is equal to Hajj.” Or, according to another narration: “ … is equal to Hajj performed along with me.” Another characteristic lies in the fact that it is the month of the Quran, as Allah Th e Almighty Says (what means): {Th e month of Ramadan [is that] in which was revealed the Quran, guidance for the people and clear proofs of guidance and criterion.} [Quran 2:185] Th e Quran recited in it mends the hearts and provides guidance for the one who recites it, refl ects upon its meanings, and supplicates Allah Th e Almighty with it. In connection with the superiority of recitation of the Quran, the Messenger of Allah said: • “Th e skillful reciter of the Quran will be with the noble and dutiful messenger-angels, and the one who recites it with diffi culty will be granted a double reward.” • “Recite the Quran, because it will come as an intercessor for its reciters on the Day of Judgment.” • “Verily, Allah raises some people by (virtue of) that Book (i.e., the Quran).” • “Th e best one among you is he who learns and then teaches the Quran.” All those Hadeeths are authentic, and include the greatest glad tidings to the person who recites the Quran with refl ection and meditation. Th en, how much greater would be the reward and benefi t if it was recited in Ramadan? May Allah Th e Almighty make us of the people of the Quran, who are counted among the special worshippers of Allah Th e Almighty and the elite among the believers. Concluded Source:

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