Growing cases of fake news, hate speeches: A minister’s experience


By Ibrahim Ramalan

It is no longer news that an enormous amount of energies and resources could be exerted towards pulling down individual or organizations, even a government, using the great weaponry of the mass media. So potent is such a weapon that divisive tool like hate speeches, misinformation and campaign of calumny could easily be passed through to the public at a lesser fare cost by the media.

Th e media, an institution which is to foster the growth of a society, is ironically engage in destroying it on the altar of selfi sh political, religious or regional gains. Such growing cases of hate speech, disinformation and fake news in the country, as the Minister of Information and Culture, Alhaji Lai Mohammed categorically stated, are being orchestrated by naysayers and their sponsors to discredit the government, destabilize the polity and make the country ungovernable.

Th e minister made the statement recently at the Extra-ordinary Meeting of the National Council on Information (NCI), which has the theme ‘’Hate Speeches, Disinformation, Fake News and National Unity’’, in Jos, Plateau State. According to the minister, such campaign (to discredit the government) is a multi-million naira project and the people behind this string of hate speech, disinformation and fake news are not about to stop. He added that they would become more vicious in the days, weeks and months ahead.

Alhaji Mohammed again blamed the resurgent push for separatism as well as the rising cases of ethnic and religious disharmony on the ‘’growing phenomenon of hate speech, as well as the disinformation and fake news campaign’’, and warned that hate speeches and incitement to violence set the stage for the genocide that left at least 800,000 people dead in Rwanda in 1994. He traced the worsening cases of hate speech in the country to the period leading to the last general elections, when the then presidential candidate of the All Progressives Congress (APC), Muhammadu Buhari, was the target of a

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vicious campaign. ‘’Never in the history of electioneering campaign in Nigeria has such a quantum of hate speech been directed at any candidate. Th is did not stop even when he won the election and became President. “For instance, the President had hardly left Nigeria for his vacation in London on 19 January 2017, during which he said he would have routine medical check-up, when these hate and fake news campaigners circulated the news that he has died. Between then and now, they have repeated similar fake news times without number,’’ the minister said. He cited three instances of disinformation and fake news targeted at him, including when he was quoted as saying the government does not know who will sign the 2017 budget, when what he said was that when the budget is transmitted to the presidency, a decision will be taken. Citing other instances, Alhaji Mohammed said: “On Wednesday, 26 April 2017, after the weekly Federal Executive Council (FEC) meeting, I briefed State House Correspondents on what transpired at the meeting.

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“I said, among others, that President Muhammadu Buhari did not preside over the day’s meeting because he decided to work from home that day. In reporting my briefi ng, one of the correspondents quoted me as saying the President would work from home henceforth, rather than on that day only. “Also in May 2017, I travelled to China on offi cial assignment. I had just arrived in that country, after a long fl ight, when I started receiving calls from Nigeria, seeking my reaction to a story making the rounds in the Social Media, quoting me as saying that though President Muhammadu Buhari is in a London hospital, he is using Made-in-Nigeria drugs. “Th at I purportedly made the comment in an interview with Channels Television, after the Federal Government’s launch of the Made-inNigeria campaign in Abuja a few days earlier. “At fi rst, I chose to ignore the story, saying Nigerians would easily see the folly of it. But

the phone calls from Nigeria became more frequent and more intense, to such an extent that they could no longer be ignored. I had to put a call through to Mr. John Momoh, and Channels Television promptly issued a rebuttal, saying it neither interviewed me nor carried any such story.’’ On the way forward, he said Nigerians must say NO to hate speech and boycott any medium that is used to spew hate or that engages in disinformation and fake news, adding that if left unchecked, the canker-worm of hate speech, disinformation and fake news is capable of undermining national unity and pushing the nation to the precipice

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. Th e Minister also told the delegates to the meeting, which included government information managers from all the states of the federation, that every state must emulate what the Federal Government has done, through acting President Yemi Osinbajo, who held a series of engagements with key stakeholders to calm frayed nerves in the aftermath of the quit notice recently issued to section of the country by northern youths. “We must be resolute in tackling the canker-worm of hate speech, disinformation and fake news.

We as government information managers must embark on a relentless campaign against these evil tendencies at our various levels, whether federal or state,’’ he said, adding that the regulators must also be alive to their responsibility by sanctioning erring media outlets “Yes, our constitution allows freedom of speech and this government believes in it, but freedom of speech must not be allowed to become freedom of irresponsibility,’’ Alhaji Mohammed added. While appealing to the media, especially the traditional media, to repudiate the purveyors of hate speech, disinformation and fake news, he announced that the Federal Ministry of Information and Culture will soon launch a series of engagements with the media to sensitize them to the dangers posed by the phenomenon



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