Kidney stones are hard deposits of minerals and acid salts that stick together in concentrated urine. They can be painful when passing through the urinary tract, but usually don’t cause permanent damage rather it causes temporary pain and when lasted untreated can lead to blockage of kidney while the kidney will stop functioning yet if action not taken will cause kidney failure. Furthermore kidney stones is the formation of unwanted particles from either food or water or taking cholesterol in excess in which, in some cases body cannot able to absorb the unwanted particles obtained inside water or what we take as a means of fluid to aid proper functioning of the kidneys.
Stones are normally formed inside the kidney as a result of gradual formation of toxic particles or substance in which the body cannot separate out of the total content of fluid for circulation in the human system, if you are the type that has lower capacity of organ ability to facilitate such functions, then you are likely to be a victim of such cases, and that gradual formation of those unwanted toxics will lead to form stones on or inside your kidney since it has no way or capacity to rehabilitate passage through the urethra finally for urinary tract to flush them out altogether with urine.
However stones were not only form by the Kidney only so also Bladder form stones as a result of building up of mineral deposits in the bladder. The deposits of mineral are a result of the urine getting concentrated in the bladder which leads to crystallizing of the minerals into stones. For some of the patients, the smaller stones pass out in the normal course, however, for slightly bigger stones a procedural intervention may be required. Bladder stones are distinct from kidney stones although in both cases, mineral deposits cause the crystallization of stone.
The most common symptom of kidney stones is severe pain, usually in the side of the abdomen, that’s often associated with nausea. Also common symptoms of bladder stones are lower abdomen pain, discomfort in the penis, frequent urination, blood in urine, pain while passing urine.
This particular common trend of stones formation in human body, the major cause is long term dehydration as a result of high temperature in our environment, so as a result of that since sun is a natural occurrence, the best solution is to take adequate quantity of water, and should be free from dirt, take clean water preferably pot water which has higher concentration of dirts absorption, it separates unwanted particles and takes it down to bottom of the pot without chemical addition, or you can boil the water as well before taking it, all these Kinds of water are free from chemicals that can lead to formation of such toxic substance such as crystal, or acid.
This problem has become a common challenge in Nigeria today. I urge Nigerian government to please provide free treatment to victims of such cases. Government should also provide sophisticated machines like laser that will enable smooth crushing of stones of such victims at affordable price rather than undergoing surgical method of removal which is the last option for the poor.
Rubiruka Ahmadu Philip,
Mass Communication Department,
University of Maiduguri