Repeating Hajj or giving in charity, which is more rewarding? By Ibrahim Muhammed

In the Name of Allah, Most Gracious, Most Merciful.
All praise and thanks are due to Allah, and peace and blessings be upon His Messenger.
In this fatwa: Muslims are required to be balanced and to consider priorities even in the area of acts of worship.
Therefore, a Muslim is required to think twice and spend his or her money in the way that brings greater benefits for him or her and for the whole Muslim community at large. Answering your question, Dr. Wael Shehab, PhD in Islamic Studies from Al-Azhar University and currently the Imam of the Downtown Toronto Masjid in Canada, states: Hajj is one of the five pillars of Islam.
It is an obligation on every Muslim who is financially and physically capable to afford it. A Muslim—who is capable to carry it out—is required to perform hajj once in his or her lifetime.
Allah the Almighty says: “Pilgrimage thereto is a duty people owe to Allah, those who can afford the journey…” (Aal `Imran 3:97) Offering hajj entails great reward and blessings.
Abu Hurairah (may Allah be pleased with him) reported that the Prophet (peace be upon him) said, “The performance of Umrah is an expiation for the sins committed (between it and the previous one). And the reward of Hajj mabrur (the one accepted by Allah) is nothing except paradise.” (Al-Bukhari and Muslim) Hajj, moreover, expiates all sins.
Abu Hurairah reported that the Prophet (peace be upon him) said, “Whoever performs Hajj for Allah’s pleasure and does not have sexual relations with his wife, and does not do evil or sins then he will return (after Hajj free from all sins) as if he were born anew.” (AlBukhari and Muslim) Given the above, it becomes clear that hajj is obligatory once in a lifetime on capable Muslims. A Muslim could perfectly gain its blessings by means of sticking to its ethics and values.
As for the significant points you raised in your question, let’s consider the following Shari`ah-based maxims: 1- Warding off harm takes precedence over achieving benefit; 2- Public Interest takes priority over personal benefit; 3- Carrying out duties carries more weight than performing optional acts of worship.
Contemplating the above legal maxims, we could assure that if repeating hajj by a large number of Muslims would cause a considerable harm to pilgrims due to the over-crowdedness, then a Muslim who avoids repeating hajj while having the intention not to cause harm to pilgrims and gives the hajj costs in charity will have greater reward.
Moreover, Islam pays due attention to the public welfare and interest of

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